The first models were made in Ancient Egypt – miniatures of temples were kept in the tombs of the pharaohs, which were used during funeral rites. According to their intended purpose, architectural models began to be used in ancient Greece, and a little later in the Roman Empire, they were made of wood or wax. However, prototyping began to be widely used for the construction of temples and cathedrals during the Renaissance. The most ambitious and ambitious project of that time was the model of St. Peter’s Cathedral in Rome, more than 6 meters long. Today, the production of architectural models is still one of the most important design stages in the field of monumental construction. True, the technique and methods of creating layouts have changed somewhat. For the manufacture of miniatures, paper, cardboard or eglin (plasticine) are used. It is quite possible that in the near future the models of buildings will be made exclusively using 3D printing, since this method has successfully “taken root” in almost all countries of the world over the past decades. What is an architectural layout
Architectural layout – an image, a spatial-volumetric model of an existing or planned architectural composition, structure, city. An architectural model is a model if it is an exact copy of the original. Models of buildings are used by an architect to present their projects, are shown at presentations and exhibitions to city planning councils, private clients or anyone else. The architectural layout allows you to get an idea of how the completed project will look from different angles, to discuss the external and internal (if there is a cut) design of the building.
Benefits of creating architectural layouts using a 3D printer
- Use of polymers that are not hazardous to the environment.
- 3D printing of houses allows you to make layouts as detailed as possible, of any size and shape.
- Creation of a ready-made layout in a short time.
- Saving money on equipment and technical staff.
Stages of creating architectural models
- Study of the project for which a layout will be made by an architect-designer, preparation of the necessary data: project concept, drawings, illustration, 3D visualization.
- Organization of the project by a manager who is responsible for the selection of personnel, materials, distributes tasks, plans the timing of its implementation.
- Manufacturing of details of an architectural model in accordance with drawings, diagrams and instructions.
- Parts of the model are tried on, then connected with glue, forming a complete composition, each element of the future architectural project is assembled on a model holder.
Types of architectural models
Landscape design layout – a design model for objects of landscape gardening, elements of which are bridges, footpaths, gazebos, plants. The developed countries of the world have long been thinking about creating eco-parks that will help preserve flora and fauna in their original form and protect nature from the negative impact of human activities.
Interior layout – interior design of the premises: space layout, colors, furniture finishing. For example, Emerging Objects used salt to create an exclusive interior. The interior of the house is completely 3D printed. This is what a project called “3D Printing House 1.0” looks like.
Urban layout – the layout of a residential area, village or city is of a small scale. This category also includes projects of stations, ports, military bases, resorts, etc.
Autodesk and Steelblue made a 3D mockup of San Francisco so we can see what the city will look like in the future. The unique miniature copy consists of 115 districts, including industrial and business districts. The layout of an impressive scale was printed around the clock with two 3D printers for two months.
Another unusual project was presented by the Mexican architectural agency BNKR Arquitectura – a unique building called The Earthscraper. The project is a huge inverted pyramid, which goes 300 meters underground.
The gigantic building will be divided into the following sections: business, culture and entertainment, residential complex. The building will have 65 floors, subdivided into 6 blocks, between which it is planned to create oases. The roof of the building will be transparent, so sunlight can be used as lighting. “Underground skyscraper” was created to build the main square of the capital of Mexico – Mexico City, which is one of the largest in the world
Design / engineering model – a layout of a separate building, attention is focused on its layout, internal structure. For example, in the United Arab Emirates, using a 3D printer, a Museum of the Future is being designed, in which everything will be unusual: both the exterior and the interior design.
The creation of architectural models allows the manufacture of the most complex structures created from hundreds of thousands of miniature elements, which greatly facilitates the work of engineers, planners and designers. 90% of projects of giant structures, as well as “cities of the future” are created using 3D modeling.
You can order the production of architectural models in the KLONA company. Contact us now for a free consultation …